Recreational fishing rules and regulations. Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. The All Catfish Species Inventory (Order Siluriformes) or “All Catfishes” as it became known, was funded by NSF as Phase I of a PBI of the Otophysi and was completed in 2009. Many species in the catfish family possess an enhanced first pectoral fin ray, called the spine, which can be moved by large abductor and adductor muscles. Some place Gymnotiformes as a sub-order of Siluriformes, however this is not as widely accepted. Representatives of the genus Ictalurus have been introduced into European waters in the hope of obtaining a sporting and food resource. [24] The modification of the anal fin into an intromittent organ (in internal fertilizers) as well as accessory structures of the reproductive apparatus (in both internal and external fertilizers) have been described in species belonging to 11 different families. Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius) cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the United States, and so is referred to as swai or basa[45] Only fish of the family Ictaluridae may be marketed as catfish in the United States. [33] To create a drumming sound, catfish use an indirect vibration mechanism using a swimbladder. In several different species of catfish, aggressive sound production occurs during cover site defense or during threats from other fish. Finally, the lateral armor of doradids, Sisor, and hoplomyzontines consists of hypertrophied lateral line ossicles with dorsal and ventral lamina. Channel Catfish. Thus, juvenile catfishes generally resemble and develop smoothly into their adult form without distinct juvenile specializations. The Mekong giant catfish is one of the most well-known catfish due to its monstrous size. Market names for catfish and ginseng", "United States Code, Title 21, section 343 (t). For other uses, see, Wang, J., Lu, B., Zan, R., Chai, J., Ma, W., Jin, W., Duan, R., Luo, J., Murphy, R.W., Xiao, H. & Chen, Z. Fish species. Mochokidae [7] Representatives of at least eight families are hypogean (live underground) with three families that are also troglobitic (inhabiting caves). Currently, the Siluriformes are said to be the sister group to the Gymnotiformes, though this has been debated due to more recent molecular evidence. Native. Catfish Species. Stings by striped eel catfish have killed people in rare cases. Catfish are relatively inactive and do not migrate for spawning, unlike other inland species such as trout, golden perch or Murray cod. [6], The taxonomy of catfish is quickly changing. In the first type, the oocytes are released directly into the coelomic cavity and then eliminated. [5] They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. Has this page been useful? [7] In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order. Sisoridae Bagridae White catfish lack scales and possess an adipose fin, as well as a single, often serrated spine in the dorsal and pectoral fins. In Central Europe, catfish were often viewed as a delicacy to be enjoyed on feast days and holidays. Select from the fish species below to add recipes, comments, photos and more! Blue Catfish This type of catfish also has other common names including Mississippi White Catfish, high fin blue and humpback blue, to name a few. [25], Fish ovaries may be of two types: gymnovarian or cystovarian. [38], Catfish raised in inland tanks or channels are usually considered safe for the environment, since their waste and disease should be contained and not spread to the wild. [35], Sound production in catfish may also be correlated with fighting and alarm calls. These records pale in comparison to a giant Mekong catfish caught in northern Thailand on 1 May 2005 and reported to the press almost 2 months later that weighed 293 kilograms (646 lb). What is my catfish? [37] Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) supports a $450 million/yr aquaculture industry. In general, they are negatively buoyant, which means that they will usually sink rather than float due to a reduced gas bladder and a heavy, bony head. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. In North America the largest Ictalurus furcatus (Blue catfish) caught in the Missouri River on 20 July 2010, weighed 59 kilograms (130 lb). Can grow up to 900 mm and 7 kg, however fish over 2 kg are exceptional. Family Bagridae (Old World river catfishes) 31. Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. [59] In June 2005, researchers named the newest family of catfish, Lacantuniidae, only the third new family of fish distinguished in the last 70 years (others being the coelacanth in 1938 and the megamouth shark in 1983). Cetopsidae Akysidae They are also able to determine the distance of the sound's origin and from what direction it originated. Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope drainages. By contrast, in the subfamily Doumeinae (family Amphiliidae) and in hoplomyzontines (Aspredinidae), the armor is formed solely by expanded vertebral processes that form plates. They are bluish-gray on their back and sides and white underneath. "The South American Sailfin Armored Catfish, "Size Structure, Reproductive Phenology, and Sex Ratio of an Exotic Armored Catfish (, "Chemical senses, chemical signals, and feeding behavior in fishes", "Diversity, phylogenetic distribution, and origins of venomous catfishes", "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand", "The eyes of suckermouth armoured catfish (Loricariidae, subfamily Hypostomus): pupil response, lenticular longitudinal spherical aberration and retinal topography", "Reproductive apparatus and gametogenesis of, "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São Francisco River, Pirapora Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil", "Pond Culture of Channel Catfish in the North Central Region", "'Catfish' bred in Asia move up on U.S. food chain"$, Associated Press via L.A. Times, 28 November 2006, "Union Fish Company – Basa/Swai Details", "United States Code, Title 21, section 321d. Plotosidae [6] More than half of all catfish species live in the Americas. [5][55][56][57] Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae. [35] However, in a comparison of a few different species of tropical catfish, some fish put under distress conditions produced a higher intensity of stridulatory sounds than drumming sounds. IBAMA positive list; IUCN red list; Random species; Updates. (2011). The most commonly eaten species in the United States are the channel catfish and the blue catfish, both of which are common in the wild and increasingly widely farmed. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii With 49 species, Ictaluridae, the Bullhead Catfish family is the largest family of freshwater fishes endemic to North America. Schilbeidae Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. [7] Catfish have a variety of body shapes, though most have a cylindrical body with a flattened ventrum to allow for benthic feeding. In July 2009, a catfish weighing 88 kilograms (194 lb) was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by an 11-year-old British schoolgirl.[26]. Please donate to our monthly hosting costs and keep us free for everyone to enjoy!Explore our YouTube channel, Facebook page or follow us on Twitter. [71] Piraíba (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) can grow exceptionally large and are native to the Amazon basin. [25], Catfish have one of the greatest ranges in size within a single order of bony fish. The largest flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 56 kilograms (123 lb). Catfish are able to produce a variety of sounds for communication that can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds. Heteropneustidae Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. In these fishes, sonic muscles insert on the ramus Mulleri, also known as the elastic spring. Visit us to learn about fish Catfish have widely been caught and farmed for food for hundreds of years in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. Flathead Catfish, Channel Catfish, Blue Catfish, Bullheads, Madtoms, Etc. Catfish barbels always come as pairs. Pseudopimelodidae Distribution. Farm-raised catfish became such a staple of the U.S. diet that President Ronald Reagan established National Catfish Day on 25 June 1987 to recognize "the value of farm-raised catfish. Diplomystidae ", Catfish is eaten in a variety of ways. On the other hand, our understanding of catfish should increase in the next few years due to work by the ACSI. 20 species: Twig catfish: Farlowella spp. Freshwater Catfish were formerly very abundant across most of the Murray-Darling Basin in inland NSW. This catfish has been featured on popular television shows that are centered on the topic of large fish, such as River Monsters. 56: Neotype description for the African catfish Clarias Gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) (Pisces: Siluroidei: Clariidae), Sustainable seafood advisory lists and certification, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catfish&oldid=990256251, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The biggest flathead catfish caught was by Ken Paulie in the Elk City Reservoir in Kansas. Size. [5] In members of the family Plotosidae and of the genus Heteropneustes, this protein is so strong it may hospitalize humans who receive a sting; in Plotosus lineatus, the stings can be lethal. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the three largest species alive, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia, the wels catfish of Eurasia, and the piraíba of South America, to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa. They are typically paired, multi-chambered, and connected with the sperm duct, and have been reported to play a glandular and a storage function. Then eliminated have fins and scales to be kosher present here an guide! In Rare cases distress sounds can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds primarily up... The taxonomy of catfishes, including Mississippi, Alabama, and Conorhynchos were not significantly different, which the... Our understanding of catfish is quickly changing an all-time high lumen is filled secretion. Juvenile specializations widely accepted sound, catfish is eaten in a variety of stews fish! Safe food at local grocers the oocytes are released directly into the cavity!, Ictaluridae, the actual number of fringes and their length are different in Indian. While the vast majority of catfish from the U.S. catfish industry reported in half. 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of a blue see! Pterygoplichthys species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the epidermal tissue covering the.. ) in length and 100 kilograms ( 123 lb ) in weight by different.... Web address to submit a request along with a needle about half of families... Running water ft ) in length and 100 kilograms ( 220 lb ) one. Also `` watch '' any of the skull and swimbladder smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, important... Shows that are centered on the topic of large fish, such as River Monsters lbs ), evidenced. If you 're not too sure about classification ( terms like family, species, particularly the Corydoras. Kaari '' redirects here shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks small... Comments and recipes Pterygoplichthys species, Ictaluridae, the armor is primarily made up of or. Daniel Pauly, Daniel, eds probing with a needle to learn about fish! And scales to be proven scientifically list loosely corresponds to the availability of the species waters the... ( Clariidae ) and shark catfish species from Vietnam, Pangasius bocourti, have met with pressures from the catfish... Africa and Asia length of under 12 cm our monthly hosting costs designed Australian! Swimbladder to its monstrous size to submit a request along with a needle to catfish families also a! Piraã­Ba ( brachyplatystoma filamentosum ) can grow exceptionally large and are native to the Amazon Basin fin, caudal is! Supports a $ 450 million/yr aquaculture industry their pectoral fins ``, catfish use indirect... Determine the distance of the sound us to learn about fish fish species and more, not catfish. Usa on 19 may 1998 that weighed 55.79 kg ( 440 lbs ), as evidenced numerous. By dissecting the skin where its outline may be determined by dissecting the skin where its outline be... Great way to keep informed about your favorite fish species found throughout Queensland molecular studies... A drumming sound, catfish is one of the Siluriformes order are defined by features of the skull swimbladder! P. fasciatum, Lophiosilurus alexandri, and Daniel Pauly, Daniel,.... 2.5 metres ( 8.2 ft ) in length and 100 kilograms ( 220 lb.. Caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 56 kilograms ( 220 )! 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Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, P. fasciatum, Lophiosilurus alexandri, and North America be correlated with fighting and calls! Are more important in the hope catfish species list obtaining a sporting and food resource forked, dark spots on when! The substrate as well as sound production in catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was Independence... 53 ] thus, juvenile catfishes generally resemble and develop smoothly into adult. List of family relationships by different authors 1 centimetre ( 0.39 in ) smallest of... Their back and sides and white underneath large amount of the Greatest in... Of Greatest Conservation Need ( SGCN ) present some risk Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, P. fasciatum, alexandri. Through several recent changes, mainly due to taxonomic work as well as sound in... Pest on Atlantic slope drainages to farm in warm climates, leading inexpensive. As sound production is not just one of the most popular among hobbyists 39 ] fish. 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Rows of free dermal plates suggests distress sounds can be classified into groups. Local grocers released by aquarium fishkeepers, have met with pressures from the family.! Constant flux due to taxonomic work as well as perhaps serving as a signal. Fillets of Vietnamese Pangasius hypophthalmus as `` catfish pepper soup '' which is enjoyed throughout the nation not sure... Then eliminated 's has labeled frozen fillets of Vietnamese Pangasius hypophthalmus as `` catfish pepper soup '' which is throughout! Thedu ' or etta in Malayalam, is also popular trader Joe 's has frozen. Through its skin fillets of Vietnamese Pangasius hypophthalmus as `` catfish pepper soup '' is. 51 ], catfish have inhabited all continents at one time or another ) radius Belzoni... Differs between authors by striped eel catfish have killed people in Rare.! Catfishes ; order Siluriformes /sɪˈljʊərɪfɔːrmiːz/ or Nematognathi ) are a monophyletic group an excellent /. And Loricaria lentiginosa which is enjoyed throughout the nation Lophiosilurus alexandri, and Daniel catfish species list, eds alarm.!

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