Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece Classical Greece was an ensemble of independent city-states. Although his democratic reforms declined after his death, he planted the seed of democracy in the minds of Athenians. They fought to the death. A leader must not only act appropriately in all situations, but also remain humble even if his followers act exactly opposite in regards of their goals. On one hand you are presented with the Trojans. The essay is the classic 5 paragraph (the intro need not be interesting). Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. The tales of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus show which characteristics were prized by the Greek … As I write in my book “Enraged,” the same myths that long predate the world’s very first democracy have lessons for us today – just as they did for the ancient Greeks centuries ago. After winning the war, he took supreme power over Greece and Macedonia. Socrates, the “father of Western philosophy” also lived in Athens during this period. It may seem like the heroes of Greek myth had a pretty sweet life, even if it was finite. 1 decade ago . She was one of the most brilliant, shrewd, powerful, and talented leaders of ancient Greece. The suitors are having a grand time ravaging Odysseus’s household, forcing Odysseus’s maidservants to have sex with them and eating and drinking themselves into a stupor. History says that Cleopatra succeeded the throne after the death of her husband. Her reign followed on from Alexander the Great’s during the Hellenistic period of ancient Greece. During his reign, the upper-class aristocrats and noblemen also had to answer to him, and he reduced a considerable number of their privileges and rights. A statue of Leonidas stands in his homeland of Sparta to honor his great courage. Cleisthenes was the true father of Athenian democracy. 6 Answers. Pericles was a renowned Greek statesman. The “Odyssey” reminds us that leaders deserve our respect, admiration and support for leading well. Each had its own system according to its political tradition; there were democratic and oligarchic/aristocratic systems, depending on the faction that prevailed in each city. Each entertains guests graciously and generously. In Professor Nagy's list of the characteristics of the prototypical Greek … This produces order, harmony and happiness for everyone – powerful and weak alike. Anticipating by thousands of years the violent overthrow of 21st-century dictators during the Arab Spring, for example, the “Odyssey” suggests that 0 0. Everyone lives happily, fully and harmoniously. Introduction: For thousands of years, the myths from Ancient Greece have intrigued people. Demetrius was a capable commander in his father Antigonus l’s army. Ancient Greece has probably one of the richest cultural histories of all civilizations and saw many great personalities and leaders; those who worked hard to build the legacy that we know today. Ancient Greek civilization and culture had a huge impact on the Roman Empire and is still considered the foundation of Western civilization. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. The ancient Greeks were the first to create a democracy.The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words that mean people (demos) and rule (kratos).Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it directly or through elected representatives. Greedy, violent, unrestrained leaders like the suitors create chaos and misery. She married two of her siblings to keep the throne to herself and her son, and she supposedly murdered her other two siblings to prevent them from challenging her. He was orphaned at a very young age and had to fight for his inheritance which was forcibly taken by his guardians. Democracy in Australia is mainly the same as that in Ancient Greece. Historians do not have a lot of information about this courageous king of Sparta, but during the war between Sparta and the Persians, he was no doubt the most courageous king Greece has ever seen. According to this law, a killer had to go into exile and even receive the death penalty if agreed to by the family members of the victim. Essential Question: Can we learn more about what the Ancient Greeks believed made a good person by exploring the heroes from their myths? While these are not the only influential leaders of ancient Greece, they had a significant impact on the history of this great nation. In ancient Greece, certain leadership qualities were seen as more desirable, and by reviewing Greek mythology it is possible to understand what these ancient people valued in their leaders. “An abridged list of rulers for the ancient Greek world concentrating on the Hellenistic age (323–31 B.C. ), after the time of Alexander the Great. The final and most important trait of a leader is self-discipline and sacrifice. Latinized is still known as the ruler who favored the Athenian lower classes and was exceptionally considerate towards them. Greedy, violent, unrestrained leaders like the suitors create chaos and misery. They do not deserve respect for unrestrained material acquisition and ostentatious consumption. In these examples of communal life among mortals, the “Odyssey” suggests that the quality of life in a human community depends on the quality of its leaders. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). 336 to 323, may claim the title of the greatest military leader the world has ever known. Art was hugely important at that time, and that is why sculptors like Myron and Phidias were in Athens creating great statues from marble and sandstone. Demosthenes was a statesman, orator, and a significant political personality in ancient Greece. Deception, however, contrasted with the Athenian and particularly Achillean ideals of openness and honesty as qualities requisite for leadership. Historians are still confused about the reason for his death. The first book in history on the art of persuasion, The Rhetoric, was written by the Emily Anhalt does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Our findings seem to support this assumption. Demetrius l and Cassander had an intricate and interconnected history. When Theodore Ayrault Dodge, the American Civil War historian known for his love of the ancient generals, dubbed Alexander, Hannibal, and Caesar “great captains” in 1889, imperial ambition was some- thing to be admired. A spiteful god, Poseidon’s moodiness manifested itself through shipwrecks and drownings. He grew up observing his father’s rule and saw Philip develop Macedonia into a great military power. Professor of Classical Languages and Literatures, Sarah Lawrence College. Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. Pisistratus established the Panathenaic games and tried to produce definitive versions of the epics written by Homer. 4.8 (467) HIRE verified writer. 1 decade ago. Anonymous. His Athenian policies brought an end to bonded slavery and the mistreatment of the common people. If we are talking leaders that carried their influence through Western Society up until today…then I would argue Lycurgus of Sparta is strikingly absent. Our knowledge of the political systems in the ancient Greek world comes from a wide range of sources. He was born in 638 BC and died in 558 BC. Prof. Laser. He was the son of Miltiades. Solon was a poet, politician, and the founder of democratic government in Greece. Ancient Greek civilization has contributed to many parts of today's society. I – read the law that Lycurgus gave Sparta; next to it, read the U.S. Constitution. In Ancient Greek Thought, Plagues Follow on Bad Leadership ... From this perspective, plagues functioned as a setup for an even more crucial theme in ancient myth: a leader’s intelligence. A leader that stood out, strong, masculine, visionary, cunning and smart. He is still renowned all over the world for his legal codes and the harsh laws he established. During his time, not only nobleman but also common citizens were given the right to freedom of expression. He was an important protagonist during the Wars of the Diadochi and waged bloody war against the Macedonian general, Polyperchon. Leadership Throughout the Iliad The Iliad, written by Homer, and translated by Stanley Lombardo is a tale of clashing between the Greeks, the Trojans, and the gods above them. Whilst for Athens, it is possible to piece together a more complete history, we have only an incomplete picture of the systems in most city-states and many details of how the political apparatus actually functioned are missing. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. He was also an orator, politician, patron of the arts, and a renowned Athenian general. Related Essays. He fought and defeated Cassander once, but Demetrius was defeated in Gaza in 312 BC. Along with the Theban Wars, and the hunting of the Calendonian boar, the story of Jason is one of the three great pre-Trojan war adventures in Greek … Ancient Greek Philosophy, Self-Leadership, and The Modern Stoicism Movement: An Interview With Dr. Alkistis Agio. Politics, art, education, architecture, language, and philosophy are all considered to be the pillars of ancient Greek civilization. Relevance. The first speech he gave was to condemn his guardians for taking his inheritance. After many further successful military campaigns, he then went on to build the biggest empire that the world had ever seen. What made this civilization so special was its people. Alexander the Great, King of Macedon from B.C.E. Boomer Sooner Fan!!! They are similar enough, one could probably make a strong argument of plagiarism. Unlike a tyrant, a good leader cannot succeed at everyone else’s expense. He is the man of valor. By contrast a good leader respects his obligations to his people, and ensures that they respect theirs to him and to one another. In 594 BC, he was democratically elected as “archon” or governor of ancient Athens. There are various other political and military leaders of Greece who also went on to influence Greek civilization as we know it today. Solon was a lawmaker who was the first to grant democratic rights to the common citizens of Athens. Jason is the Greek legendary hero best known for his leadership of the Argonauts in the quest for the Golden Fleece and for his wife Medea (of Colchis). Eventually, he went on to make further reforms and awarded all citizens equal rights and established “ostracism” which was a form of temporary banishment from the city by popular vote. Some historians say that it began during the Dark Ages and lasted until 600 AD, but there are other historians who believe that it continued until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, and then moved into the Hellenistic period, although these two periods are generally not considered distinct from one another. It was said that he was extremely courageous from a very young age; brave enough to tame a wild and rowdy stallion at the tender age of 12. Alexander’s father was assassinated when he was 20 years old and at that age, he ascended the throne, promising to follow in his father’s footsteps. Investigate the Ancient Greeks | Explore Character Traits of the Heroes Discover the Myth Maker in You | Inspire others to be Good People . In this section, we’ll explore the historical ideas behind the theory, before examining the modern theoretical approach to the leadership style and the implications of it being a young theory. According to the Odyssey, Odysseus exemplifies all major traits of a leader that are most admired by ancient Greeks. An assassin was sent after Demosthenes, but he took his own life before he was captured. He was the son of Philip II, the king of Macedonia. Over the decades since the poem was first written, much debate has been made over who achieved the most leadership throughout. The great god Zeus identifies him as “excelling all mortals in his intellect.” Many characters, including one of Odysseus’s former companions and the goddess Athena, recall that Odysseus was “gentle and kind, like a father.”. The “Odyssey” starts by emphasizing that greedy, unrestrained, irresponsible leadership makes communal life intolerable for everyone. 11. Verified writer. So thoroughly was this leadership quality identified with Odysseus that Homer continually referred to him as the "many-wiled" Odysseus. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. During Pericles’ rule, he encouraged the arts, philosophy, literature, and freedom of expression. Leadership lessons from the ancient Greeks – Part I of II. Latinized Pisistratus also seized their lands and gave them to the underprivileged classes. There are two on the list I would say of equal import by way of preserving and expanding the reach of Greek culture, but in terms of ideas…Lycurgus of Sparta. Athena, goddess of wisdom, observes that “any wise man who came among them would be displeased and ashamed seeing their many shameful deeds.”, Odysseus’s son, speaking to community elders about the suitors, insists that “unendurable deeds have been done, and ignobly my household has been destroyed. Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. The fourth quality of leadership is exemplified by Achilles. Finally, under his leadership, Athens formed the Delian League, an alliance among Greek city-states that established a united front against Persian invasion. However, I am having a lot of trouble scraping up evidence from The Iliad (we haven't read the Odyssey so we probably shouldn't use evidence from it :/). Seeking news of his father, Odysseus’s son visits two other communities, each ruled by a compassionate, benevolent king. I have to write an essay due in December about this. Ancient Greece has probably one of the richest cultural histories of all civilizations and saw many great personalities and leaders; those who worked hard to build the legacy that we know today. He made laws and laid the foundation not only for the cultural and military development of Athens, but also for its economic prosperity. However, there's another defining aspect of ancient Greek heroism that often goes overlooked. Ancient Greek civilization has contributed to many parts of today's society. The final and most important trait of a leader is self-discipline and sacrifice. Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece: Ancient Greek civilization is undoubtedly one of the richest, diverse and influential civilizations of the world. Athens was also home to great philosophers like Zeno of Elea, Protagoras, and Anaxagoras. Among the gods, Zeus’s absolute authority requires not respect or reciprocity, but overwhelming physical power. Cimon was an Athenian general and statement born in 449 BC. He was the son of Hippocrates and ruled Athens from approximately 561 BC to 527 BC. Ancient Greeks were people who admired and respected arts, education, philosophy, architecture etc. Believing that implicit fundamental values are, to their larger part, unchangeable, we assume that the Greek ideal leader remains the same across centuries. His laws were widely publicized on wooden tablets and kept on public display so that everyone could read them. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The Greeks associated Poseidon with calamities like tidal waves and earthquakes. The other gods have no choice but to accept Zeus’s physical dominance. Neither she, nor her son, nor anyone in the community can rein in these gluttonous, unrestrained, destructive young men – least of all the young men themselves. One of the most important leadership qualities of good leadership is delegating tasks and elevating their team. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 117,500 academics and researchers from 3,792 institutions. The era of Pericles also witnessed the construction of the glorious Parthenon which Athens is famous for today. Citizens were allowed to express themselves and indulge in any form of study. ... juxtaposed ancient texts by Julius Caesar, Seneca, Tacitus, and others with contemporary readings to … Accordingly, both Sophocles’ Philoctetes and Plato’s Republic turn to the figure of Odysseus, renowned for his tricky speech, in order to interrogate notions of the just and unjust uses of lying by leaders. As the story begins, the protagonist, Greek warrior Odysseus, has been shipwrecked on his way home after the Greeks conquered Troy. The simplicity behind this tip makes it very accessible. What made this civilization so special was its people. 5 (234) Writer Jennie. Part 2 of a speech about leadership, from ancient Greek philosophers to today's business environment, given by Alkistis on 22 October 2007, at Grande Bretagne hotel, Athens. Zeus remains eternally capable of compelling obedience from other gods not by debate and persuasion but by tyrannical force and intimidation. He was also renowned for his achievements in increasing the political power of Athenian citizens while reducing the power of the noblemen. Everyone longs for Odysseus’s return. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period (Koine Greek, 3rd century BC to 4th century AD). Answer Save. They were also Pericles’ closest friends. Being a member of the aristocratic class himself, he was powerful and, in 510 BC, the Spartans backed him, overthrew their king, and established a democratic government. Renowned and celebrated playwrights like Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes lived in Athens, and they invented the modern-day theatre that we enjoy today. Each provides feasts and celebrations including music, dancing and storytelling. Cassander married Alexander’s half-sister to gain a strong claim to the throne and later murdered both Alexander’s widow and son. He was a celebrated orator, and during his life, he influenced a lot of people in order to oppose and overthrow the Macedonian rulers. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. He was not only a great military genius but exceptional in the fields of science, literature, philosophy, and medicine. Greek philosopher Aristotle had much to say about ethics, logic, politics and science. He later went into politics and was instrumental in preventing the Macedonians from conquering Athens until Alexander the Great ascended the throne. Ancient Leadership: Nine Qualities of a Strong King King David was the “apple of God’s eye,” a “man after God’s own heart.” Yet he selfishly used his power to sleep with Bathsheba and to murder her husband as a cover-up. After that, Demetrius reconciled with Seleucus and murdered his enemies and the sons of Cassander when he succeeded the throne of Athens in 294 BC. But the narrator reveals that their behavior is both destructive and self-defeating. During his reign, he conquered Asia Minor and won against Persian sea and land forces in 486 BC. They hold all power in the community; no one else has any authority over them. Often the leader in question is experiencing a life-and-death dilemma—if he doesn’t get it right, he’d be killed. Get a verified writer to help you with Traits Most Admired by the Ancient Greeks. But the narrator tells us that the suitors are bringing destruction on themselves. During this war, she put Phillip III, Alexander’s half-brother, and many more to death. The history of Cassander’s rule is probably one of the bloodiest in ancient Greek history. The identified as desired leadership traits are then studied under the light of ideal images of the leader, as depicted in the classic works of Ancient Greek thinkers, notably Plato. The Most 13 Famous Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs & Leaders. As a child, he suffered from a speech disorder, and he had to overcome this before he could become an orator. He fought alongside Aristides and sent his fleet to rescue the Asian Greek cities from Persian invaders. There is some debate over the exact time span of the ancient Greek period. To life in a way few others have still considered the foundation not only a great military power and! Policies brought an end to bonded slavery and the founder of democratic government in 508 BC texts his... Greeks conquered Troy intro need not be interesting ): Can we learn more about what ancient... 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